Sleep Medications

Sleep medications, also known as "hypnotics," are used to treat insomnia.  The most common ways that hypnotics aid with sleep are helping an individual fall asleep, helping an individual stay asleep throughout the night or regulating an individual's sleep cycle.


Zolpidem

(Ambien, Ambien CR, Intermezzo, Zolpimist, Edluar)

Usual Daily Dosage Range: 5-10 mg (Ambien, Zolpimist, Edluar), 12.5 mg (Ambien CR), 1.75-3.5 mg (Intermezzo)

Possible side effects include sedation, dizziness, ataxia, dose-dependent amnesia, hyper-excitability, nervousness, rare hallucinations, diarrhea, nausea, headache, respiratory depression, rare angioedema, sleep walking (or other odd sleep behaviors), memory loss,  elderly hip fractures, cancer and death.


Temazepam

(Restoril)

Usual Daily Dosage Range: 15 mg

Possible side effects include sedation, fatigue, depression, dizziness, ataxia, slurred speech, weakness, forgetfulness, confusion, hyper-excitability, nervousness, rare hallucinations, mania, rare hypotension, hypersalivation, dry mouth, rebound insomnia when withdrawing from long-term treatment, respiratory depression, rare hepatic dysfunction, renal dysfunction, and blood dyscrasias.


Triazolam

(Halcion)

Usual Daily Dosage Range: 0.125-0.25 mg

Possible side effects include sedation, fatigue, depression, dizziness, ataxia, slurred speech, weakness, forgetfulness, confusion, hyper-excitability, nervousness, anterograde amnesia, rare hallucinations, mania, rare hypotension, hypersalivation, dry mouth, rebound insomnia when withdrawing from long-term treatment, respiratory depression, rare hepatic dysfunction, renal dysfunction, and blood dyscrasias.


Zaleplon

(Sonata)

Usual Daily Dosage Range: 10 mg

Possible side effects include sedation, dizziness, ataxia, dose-dependent amnesia, hyper-excitability, nervousness, rare hallucinations, decreased appetite, respiratory depression, rare angioedema, sleep walking (or other odd sleep behaviors), memory loss,  elderly hip fractures, cancer and death.


Eszopiclone

(Lunesta)

Usual Daily Dosage Range: 2-3 mg

Possible side effects include unpleasant taste, sedation, dizziness, dose-dependent amnesia, nervousness, dry mouth, headache, respiratory depression, rare angioedema, sleep walking (or other odd sleep behaviors), memory loss,  elderly hip fractures, cancer and death.


Ramelteon

(Rozerem)

Usual Daily Dosage Range: 8 mg

Possible side effects include sedation, dizziness, fatigue, headache, and respiratory depression.


Doxepine

(Silenor)

Usual Daily Dosage Range: 3-6 mg

Possible side effects include blurred vision, constipation, urinary retention, increased appetite, dry mouth, nausea, diarrhea, heartburn, unusual taste in mouth, weight gain, fatigue, weakness, dizziness, sedation, headache, anxiety, nervousness, restlessness, sexual dysfunction, sweating, paralytic ileus, hyperthermia, lowered seizure threshold and rare seizures, orthostatic hypotension, sudden death, arrhythmias, tachycardia, QT prolongation, hepatic failure, extrapyramidal symptoms, increased intraocular pressure, increased psychotic symptoms, rare induction of mania, and rare activation of suicidal ideation and behavior.


Suvorexant

(Belsomra)

Usual Daily Dosage Range: 10 mg

Possible side effects include diarrhea, dry mouth, headache, somnolence, dizziness, abrnomal dreams, cough, upper respiratory infection, CNS depression, impaired mental alertness, amnesia, hallucinations, complex sleep-related behavior, xerostomia, sleep paralysis, depression exacerbation, and rare activation of suicidal ideation and behavior.


Usual daily dosage range is for adults.  The above information is meant as a general reference only and should not be used as a guideline for prescribing of medications or medical advice.  Please check the manufacturer’s product information sheet or the P.D.R. for the most accurate information, including dosage schedule, side effect profile and contraindications.  Please consult a physician for medical advice.  Brand names are registered trademarks.  Disclaimer